The Java Sea (Indonesian: Laut Jawa, Javanese: Segara Jawa) is an extensive shallow sea on the Sunda Shelf, between the Indonesian islands of Borneo to the north, Java to the south, Sumatra to the west, and Sulawesi to the east. Karimata Strait to its northwest links it to the South China Sea. It is a part of the western Pacific Ocean.. As the site of successful exploration for petroleum and natural gas, the Java Sea has become the basis of Indonesia’s export program. Fishing is an important economic activity in the Java Sea. Over 3,000 species of marine life are found in the area. A number of national parks exist in the area such as Karimunjawa.
Consequently, in the eastern part of the Java Sea and Flores Sea, the salinity always exceeds 32.5% while in the western part, coastal areas and Southern China Sea where the effects of discharge of fresh waters from rivers become important, it varies between 30-32%0.
The prevailing climate in the Java Sea is a typical monsoon climate marked by a complete reversal of the winds regime. This phenomenon is caused by differences in temperature between the continental and oceanic areas. The rainy monsoon occurs between mid Decembp.
How deep is the Java Sea?
A shallow sea, it has a mean depth of 151 feet (46 metres).
How Java Sea is formed?
It was formed as sea levels rose at the end of the last ice age. The Java Sea is between the Indonesian islands of Borneo to the north, Java to the south; Sumatra to the west, and Sulawesi to the east.
The Java Sea lies in the Sunda Shelf and is situated amidst the Indonesian islands of Borneo towards the north, Java towards the south, Sumatra to the west and Sulawesi towards the east. It is connected to the South China Sea through the Karimata Strait.
While the Java Sea does not experience the enormous rollers of the open ocean, the area is characterized by extremely quick and precipitous waves that thrash around frenziedly, and are thus tricky to judge and work among.
Some 800 species of sponges, jellyfish, molluscs, starfish, urchins, worms, crabs, prawns and fish were found during the expedition. Out of these findings, the team discovered over a dozen new species of hermit crabs, prawns, lobsters and crabs, and over 40 species of various kinds are new records for Indonesia.
Java, also spelled Djawa or Jawa, island of Indonesia lying southeast of Malaysia and Sumatra, south of Borneo (Kalimantan), and west of Bali. Java is home to roughly half of Indonesia’s population and dominates the country politically and economically.
Is Bali and Java the same?
The island of Bali lies 3.2 km (2.0 mi) east of Java, and is approximately 8 degrees south of the equator. Bali and Java are separated by the Bali Strait.
How many people live on Java? 151,600,000
It is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the south and the Java Sea to the north. With a population of 151.6 million people, Java is the world’s most populous island, home to approximately 56% of the Indonesian population.
Is it safe to visit Java Indonesia? Reconsider travel to:
Terrorists continue plotting possible attacks in Indonesia. Terrorists may attack with little or no warning, targeting police stations, places of worship, hotels, bars, nightclubs, markets/shopping malls, and restaurants.
Is Java a good place to live?
In general, Central Java is relatively safe, and the crime rate in Central Java is relatively low. In 2020, the crime rate in Central Java was 31 crimes per 100000 inhabitants, and the rate of crime is decreasing year by year.
What happened in the Java Sea?
The Battle of the Java Sea began when the American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) naval command attempted to stop the Japanese invasion of Java on February 27, 1942. Led by Royal Netherlands Navy Rear Admiral Karel W.F.M. Doorman, the ABDA force was decimated in a seven-hour battle.
What language does Java island speak? Javanese language
Javanese language, member of the Western, or Indonesian, branch of the Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) language family, spoken as a native language by more than 68 million persons living primarily on the island of Java.
What religions are in Java?
Although Java was substantially converted to Islam during the 15th century and afterwards, substantial elements of Hindu (and pre-Hindu) customs and beliefs persist among ordinary Javanese. Particularly in central and eastern Java, Abangan or ‘nominal’ Muslims are predominant.